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204                                      FLORA  INDICA.
and the west bank of the Satlej, and may be made to include
the subtropical districts of Mandi and Suket, Nadaon and
Kangra. It presents no features not common to Chamba, the
next succeeding province to the north-west. Sultanpur, the
capital, is 5000 feet, Kangra Fort, situated a short way'
within the outer ranges, is a British station, and the hills
around it are extensively planted with tea. Dharmsala,
above Kangra, is a sanitarium, elevated about 6000 feet. The
chain bounding the Satlej on the west is considerably higher
than that on its east bank, and is crossed into Suket by the
Jalauri Pass, elevated 12,000 feet.
Mr, Edgeworth is the only botanist who has investigated
the flora of this province, and he has (since the printing of
p. 70 of this Essay) communicated a valuable collection to
Sir "W. Hooker's Herbarium.
5. CHAMBA.
Chamba, the next province to Kulu, is altogether like it in
physical features, and consists of the mountain basin of the
Ravi. It has been traversed by Dr. Thomson, who entered it
from the north-west, by the Eadri Pass, elevated 11,000 feet,
over the chain dividing it from Jamu; thence he descended
to the Ravi, in the centre of the province, where its bed is
elevated less than 5000 feet; and travelling northward, left
it by the Sach Pass, elevated 14,800 feet, over .the range divi-
ding it from Kishtwar.
The vegetation of Chamba appears to present few peculia-
rities, amongst which we may notice the appearance of Cra-
t&gus Owyacantha, which here finds its eastern limit; Lits&a
consimilis, Rhododendron lepidotum, and Sibbaldh, purpurea
have not hitherto been detected further to the west. Father"
fftlla involucrata is a carious example of a plant suddenly
appearing most abundantly, and continuing so for several
provinces 1o Hie westward.